Aventicum – Helvetians and Romans

Avenches

Prosperous commerce, flourishing trade, approximately 20,000 inhabitants, stately mansions and temples protected by a five- kilometer-long, nearly seven-meter-tall wall with over 70 towers: This was Aventicum, over 2000 years ago.

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Aventicum, which is today called Avenches, was the capital of the Helvetians and of the Roman colony. At that time still located on Lake Murten, it became an economic, spiritual and cultural center thanks to its good traffic links and trade routes.

What remains today of the impressively large buildings, are the eastern gates and a wall tower, the forum's thermal baths, the amphitheater with a capacity of up to 16,000 persons, temple ruins as well as the Cigognier sanctuary. The museum displays important finds: the copy of the 33-centimeter-tall golden bust of Emperor Marc Aurel, mosaics, stone inscriptions and numerous artifacts of the Romans' daily life.

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