General Facts

Geography

Switzerland has an area of 41,285 square kilometres (15,940 square miles). The productive area - that is, the area without the lakes, rivers, unproductive vegetation and no vegetation at all - covers 30,753 square km (11,870 square miles).

It measures 220 kilometers (137 miles) from north to south and 350 km (217 miles) from east to west.

The Jura, the Plateau and the Alps form the three main geographic regions of the country.

Switzerland has a population of 8 million. Population density is high, with 193 people per square km (500 per square mile) of the productive area in 2008. In the agglomerations, which cover about 20% of the total surface area, the density is 590 per square km (1528 per square mile).

Switzerland at a glance
Capital: Bern

Cantons: 26

Area: 41'200 km2

Boundaries: total: 1852 km/Austria 164 km/France 573 km/Germany 334 km/Italy 740 km/Liechtenstein 41 km

Distance North to Souths: 220 km (137 miles)

Distance East to West: 346 km (216 miles)

Highes point: Dufour Peak, in the Monte Rosa mountain range, 4,634 m (15,203 feet)

Lowest point: Lake Maggiore (Ticino) 193 m (633 feet)

Lakes: 1'484

Glaciers: 140

Population entire country: about 8 million

Population in larger cities (approx.):
Zürich: 376'990
Geneva: 188'234
Basel: 164'516
Bern: 125'681
Lausanne: 129'383
Winterthur: 103'075
St. Gallen: 73'505
Lucerne: 78'093
Lugano: 55'151

Geographic Facts

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