The translationof Calanca is downward sloping or steep. These terms characterize life in the southern tip of Graubünden. This region is dealing with the problem of emigration of the younger part of the population. Jobs are scarce - granite and gneiss stone quarries are among the few employment sources. Tourists enjoy the aura of seclusion. The tour starts at Arvigo, the main town, and leads through picturesque villages such as Cauco and Braggio-Stabbio, where there is a particularly good view of the valley .
The narrow Calanca Valley is one of the Italian speaking southern valleys of Graubünden. It has earned its name Calanca (steeply sloping).