Switzerland owes its name and coat of arms to the town of Schwyz located between Lake Lucerne and the small Lake Lauerz. In 1291 the cantons of Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden entered into an alliance, and in 1315, by winning the Battle of Morgarten, they managed to drive out the Austrians. The Museum of the Swiss Charters houses the most important documents of the early Swiss confederacy, including the confederation's founding document. And the Forum of Swiss History provides an opportunity for a multi-media experience of everyday life between 1300 and 1600.
The people of Schwyz have not always been prosperous. From the 16th century onwards many of the canton's men were forced to serve as soldiers in foreign armies. They proved to be brave warriors, frequently returning home wealthy and in a position to build the proud houses which to this day are a feature of the town of Schwyz. A few individual Schwyz houses, such as the Hofstatt Ital Reding dating from 1609, are among the most magnificent secular buildings in Switzerland.
Schwyz is also where the world-famous Swiss penknives come from: in excess of 25'000 of the red all-rounders leave production daily. It is hardly surprising then that the tourism destination surrounding Schwyz meanwhile goes under the name of "Swiss Knife Valley".
The impressive summits of the two legendary peaks immediately above Schwyz, the long-drawn-out ridge of the Rigi, famous "Queen of Mountains", or the nearby mountain holiday resort of Stoos with the Fronalpstock are just two among many mountain experiences available in the region. Schwyz is furthermore the gateway to the Muota Valley, a wild Karst mountain valley.
Along 'Cherry Street', or Kirschstrasse, which runs through the hilly lakescape of the Alpine foothills and features a great many cherry tree orchards runs from Lucerne, via Zug and Schwyz, all the way to Brunnen on Lake Lucerne there are several opportunities to tour distilleries. Thanks to its central location, Schwyz is a good starting point for excursions to the most beautiful destinations of early Switzerland.
The Mythenregion hiking area is very easy to reach; the valley station of the cable car to the Rotenflue is just five minutes from the main square.
Schwyz offers access to three welcoming ski resorts: Mythenregion, Stoos and Sattel-Hochstuckli. The valley station of the cable car to the Rotenflue/Mythenregion is just five minutes from the main square. All have a large array of offerings for skiers, snowboarders and especially for families. Winter-hikers and showshoers will find quiet paths off the pistes. Rustic mountain pubs entice visitors to tarry awhile.
- Schwyz townscape – the fabulous village square surrounded by the dominating parish church, town hall and manor houses is regarded as one of the most beautiful squares in Switzerland.
- The Museum of the Swiss Charters – the founding document of the three first member cantons and other documents are exhibited here.
- Ital Reding House – a stately manor and museum.
- Forum for Swiss Historye – Swiss National Museum with changing exhibits.
- Stately mansions – an architectural peculiarity from the 16th and 17th centuries and an important part of Central Switzerland’s culture.
- Kirschstrasse – features everything from cherry blossom to distilled kirsch produced in the demonstration distillers along 'Kirsch Street'
- Hölloch karst cave system in the Muota Valley – measuring about 190 km, this is the longest cave in Europe and the fifth-biggest cave system in the world. The caves can only be visited as part of a guided cave expedition.
- Carnival – traditional carnival customs and traditions, including the “Nüsslen”, the “Japanese Plays”, and masquerades that are characteristic of carnival (February/March).