1798년 프랑스 군대가 스위스를 침략하고 중앙집권 국가임을 선포했다. 이후 스위스의 본래 주(州) 제도는 복원되었다. 비록 더욱 중앙집권적인 형태이지만 말이다.
In 1798, French troops invaded Switzerland and created the centralised Helvetic Republic. For the first time in its history, Switzerland was forced to abandon its neutrality and to provide troops for France. After the Sonderbund War, the foundations for the modern Switzerland were finally laid down with the adoption of the Constitution of 1848. It brought about a more centralised form of government and a single economic area, which put an end to the cantonal rivalries and enabled economic development. Despite this progress, the 19th century was a difficult time for many people in Switzerland. Poverty, hunger and poor job prospects led to a wave of emigration, including to North and South America.