Parco Val Calanca (Candidate)
Well protected by high mountain ranges and far away from transit traffic, the Parco Val Calanca nature reserve is located in the Italian-speaking part of Graubünden. It is characterised by wild and unspoiled nature, traditional settlements built from stone and wood, well-preserved mule tracks, art and architecture dating back to many different centuries, as well as excellent local produce.
Parco Val Calanca is the smallest nature reserve in Switzerland, but has a big heart – just like the heart-shaped Lago di Calvaresc, whose distinctive shape is reflected in its logo.
Rising steeply from the valley floor, the mountain slopes can arouse feelings of astonishment and admiration – or even intimidation. Here, nature red in tooth and claw merges with the traditional cultural landscape to form a harmonious whole.
Around 85% of the forest in Parco Val Calanca serve to protect against natural hazards. The forest also plays a key role in preserving the landscape and its biodiversity. Parco Val Calanca is a perfect habitat for wild animals. The ibex was reintroduced in 1955, but with a bit of luck you may also spot deer, chamois, golden eagles, black grouse and hazel grouse.
Despite the clear changes in the landscape due to the decline in traditional farming methods, many elements of this cultural landscape created over the centuries are still clearly visible: such as arable terraces with dry stone walls, chestnut groves and larch willow forests.
Many of these areas are still cultivated today, and the farming families produce high-quality natural products.
The Parco Val Calanca has been a candidate for the title of “Regional Nature Park” since 2020.