Основные факты

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Facts about Switzerland

  • Security, Criminality and Insurance

    Health and Insurance Drinking and eating-out is hygienic and the tap water is safe. Immunization for contagious diseases is only required if the traveler has been in an infected area within 14 days preceding arrival in Switzerland. Personal...

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  • Климат

    Климат умеренный, без ярко выраженной жары, холода или влажности.

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  • Population

    There are approximately 8 million people in Switzerland. Demographic trends are being influenced by multilingualism, the rising average age and the high proportion of foreigners living in the country. Over 22.7% of the country’s approx. 8 million...

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  • Говорят

    Switzerland has four unevenly distributed languages and a wealth of dialects. German (63.5 %) German is by far the most widely spoken language in Switzerland: 19 of the country’s 26 cantons are predominantly (Swiss) German-speaking. French (22.5 %)...

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  • Religion

    The majority of people living in Switzerland are Christian. Approx. 38% are Roman Catholic, and 27% Protestant (2015 figures). There are also many other religions represented in Switzerland: 5% Muslim, 0.5% Buddhist, 0.3% Jewish. The number of people...

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  • Politics

    1848: The founding of Switzerland The establishment of the modern state of Switzerland dates back to 1848. Prior to this, Switzerland consisted of a loose alliance of independent cantons. In 1848 Switzerland formed a modern constitution which made a...

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  • Swissness

    The language communities eat different things and have different traditions and customs. Even their shared history only goes back about two centuries. The Swiss themselves are sometimes puzzled about what they have in common apart from their...

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  • Geography

    Switzerland has an area of 41,285 square kilometres (15,940 square miles). The productive area - that is, the area without the lakes, rivers, unproductive vegetation and no vegetation at all - covers 30,753 square km (11,870 square miles). It...

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  • Economy

    Switzerland’s economy is based on a highly qualified labour force performing highly skilled work. The main areas include microtechnology, hitech, biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, as well as banking and insurance know-how. The service sector now...

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  • Sustainability & environment

    Switzerland - Nation of recyclers Swiss citizens are champions when it boils down to recycling – and 94% of old glass and 81% of PET containers make their way to special collection points instead of household bins. Tree-land is on the increase Since...

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Въезд в страну

Основная информация

  • Электричество

    Электрическая сеть в Швейцарии, как и в большинстве стран Европы, работает в стандарте 230 В при частоте 50 Гц. В Швейцарии используются сетевые розетки стандарта Type C (2 штыря) и Type J (3 штыря). При этом штекеры Type C также подходят к розеткам...

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  • Праздники в Швейцарии

    Есть несколько официальных праздников, которые отмечаются по всей Швейцарии – Пасха, Рождество, Новый Год и Национальный Праздник Швейцарии, проходящий 1 августа. Другие праздники по-разному отмечаются от кантона к кантону. При планировании своего...

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  • Питьевая вода

    В Швейцарии питьевая вода является качественным продуктом естественного происхождения. Примерно 80 процентов воды берется из природных источников и грунтовых вод, остальная часть – из озер. Строгие правила, касающиеся воды и ее качества, привели к...

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  • Телефон и почта

    Звонки домой и внутри Швейцарии Для звонков из Швейцарии следует использовать международный телефонный код страны. Например, для России - код “+7”, для Германии – код “+49”, для Франции – код “+33”. За кодом страны следует код региона (без “0”). Как...

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  • Всегда на связи: мобильный доступ по всей Швейцарии

    Хотите избежать высоких расценок роуминга и Wi-Fi? Вот несколько подсказок о том, как воспользоваться преимуществами недорогой мобильной связи на территории всей Швейцарии – при наличии у вас устройства, оснащенного WLAN или сетевым доступом.

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  • Еда и напитки

    Еда и напитки Разнообразие придает вкус жизни, а швейцарская кухня является действительно вкусной. Региональная кухня богата и многообразна. Талантливые местные шефы придумывают новую подачи для традиционных блюд. Многие получили международное...

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  • Ограничения на курение

    С 1 мая 2010 года курение запрещено в Швейцарии в закрытых помещениях, которые открыты для посетителей или являются рабочими местами для более чем одного человека. Поэтому запрещено курение в ресторанах, общественных зданиях и офисах. Также курение...

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  • Алкоголь и табачные изделия

    Алкогольные напитки продаются в супермаркетах. Вино и пиво разрешены к продаже лицам старше 16 лет, крепкий алкоголь – старше 18 лет. В Швейцарии нет единого ограничения минимального возраста при продаже табачной продукции. В зависимости от кантона...

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  • Важные номера

    Экстренные вызовы: 117 Полиция 118 Пожарные 144 Скорая помощь 1414 Спасатели Общие вызовы: 1811 Общие вопросы, например, врачи, театры. 140 Помощь автомобилям на дорогах 162 Прогноз погоды 163 Пробки на дорогах 187 Информация о...

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  • Время в Швейцарии

    Зимой в Швейцарии действует центральное европейское время (CET). С конца марта до конца октября Швейцарии переходит на летнее время (CET+1).

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  • Sports

    Mountain climbing/hiking Both hikers seeking relaxation and experienced mountain climbers find their ideal holiday destination in the Swiss mountains. Good equipment is necessary and the weather forecast should always be studied. Hiking suggestions...

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  • Flying drones in Switzerland

    Switzerland offers many beautiful places, and we are pleased whenever our guests use their drones to produce films about Switzerland’s sights. Flying drones is not a problem in a lot of places in Switzerland. However, there are a few...

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Чрезвычайная ситуация

  • Medical care

    Medical care in Switzerland is among the best in the world. You can consult any attending doctor in Switzerland. For emergencies, you may go to the nearest hospital or emergency practice, or in urgent cases, call the ambulance (144). Each hospital...

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  • Pharmacies

    Pharmacies in Switzerland have a sign saying "Apotheke" and are usually open during regular business opening times (8 am to noon, and 2 pm to 6 pm, and on Saturday to 4 pm/5 pm). Some pharmacies (often at stations and airports) have longer hours or...

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  • Lost and Found

    If you lose something during your stay in Switzerland, please contact the nearest lost property office. If anyone finds lost property, it should be handed in there. Lost property offices are usually run by the local municipality. In addition, public...

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  • Dentist

    In the case of toothache or a dental emergency, please contact the nearest dentist. Unless you have the necessary insurance, you will usually have to bear the costs yourself. For emergencies outside of opening times, please contact an emergency...

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  • Safer Travel

    Travelling is special and nothing should spoil the enjoyment it brings. That’s why we want to ensure that you and your belongings are kept safe on your trip. And if any problems do arise, you will find on www.safertravel.ch all the...

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Money and shopping

  • Валюта

    Необходимо помнить, что валютой Швейцарии остается швейцарский франк, обычно обозначаемый как CHF. Швейцария не входит в Европейский союз, поэтому она не обязана переходить на евро, однако цены для удобства клиентов часто указываются и в европейской...

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  • Creditcards

    The safest and easiest form of money are traveler's checks and credit cards. The cards most used are American Express, MasterCard and Visa. Many banks in Switzerland have equipped their ATM machines with the CIRRUS or MAESTRO system. Many other Swiss...

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  • Prices and quality of life

    Although living in a Swiss city is fairly expensive, the quality of life is also correspondingly high. In 2006, Zurich and Geneva occupied the first two places in an international comparison of 350 cities by Mercer Consulting. The study took 39...

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  • Money exchange places

    You can change money at the following places: any Swiss bank airport main railway stations (western union) major hotels Swiss banks offer the best exchange rates for your traveler's checks or cash for foreign currencies (only bank notes). Official...

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  • Tax free shopping

    The VAT you pay on purchased goods in Switzerland is 7.7%. You may ask at the shops for your Tax Free Form and reclaim the VAT. Your total purchases in a shop must amount to more than CHF 300 (including VAT). You must be a resident outside...

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  • Business Hours

    Banks Banks are usually open Monday to Friday from 8:30 am to 4:30 pm. Once a week they extend their hours. Please check locally. They are closed Saturdays, Sundays and on public holidays. However, money can also be changed at major train stations....

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  • Shopping

    Switzerland's superb products make it a shopper's paradise. English is spoken in most shops and department stores. Any stay in Switzerland is incomplete without buying a famous Swiss watch. Fine watches come in an infinite variety and are generally...

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  • Tipping

    You never have to worry about tipping in Switzerland, as tips are included in the price. You can, however, add a smile to the face of someone who has provided good service by rounding up to the nearest franc or round figure.

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